Alabama

Heroin addiction treatment

Drug rehab services will help you to find the best heroin treatment in the state of Alabama. Our certified counselors will guide you and your family trough all the steps to get a drug free life. You will find useful information on heroin addiction in Alabama.

Heroin Treatment in Alabama

Although purer heroin addict is becoming more common, most heroin on the street is “cut” with other drugs or with substances such as sugar, starch, powdered milk or quinine. Street heroin can also be mixed with strychnine or other type of poisons. Because heroin abusers don’t know the actual strength of the heroin or its real contents, they are at risk of heroin overdose or even death. Heroin also poses special problems because of the transmission of HIV and other type of diseases such hepatitis A and B that can occur from sharing needles or other heroin injection equipment.

Drug abuse is the number one health related problem in the nation and the effects are evident in the state of Alabama. At the root of many of society’s problems today, you will find Drug and Alcohol addiction, and it costs our country up to $500 billion each year. In addition, thousands of lives are lost and families are broken apart from drugs and property crime.

In 2003, there were a reported 129 drug rehabilitation and addiction treatment centers in the state of Alabama. These centers combined to serve 10,749 clients for alcohol and/or substance abuse related problems.

Heroin has not been a significant factor in Alabama in the past few years, however intelligence indicates that Heroin use is on the rise and continues to climb steadily. Most of the heroin in Alabama State arrives from Jamaica; however, a recent Heroin seizure indicated the origination of the drug was New York. The heroin found in the state of Alabama is not only becoming available in a purer form, it also is becoming considerably more affordable recently.

Heroin history

The opium poppy was grown in lower Mesopotamia as long ago as 3400 BC. The chemical analysis of opium in the 19th century revealed that the majority of its activity could be attributed to two ingredients, codeine and morphine.

Heroin was originally synthesized in 1874 by C.R. Alder Wright, an English chemist working at St. Mary’s Hospital Medical School in London, England. He had been experimenting with combining morphine with numerous acids. He boiled anhydrous morphine alkaloid with acetic anhydride over a stove for many hours and created a more potent, acetylated form of morphine, now called diacetylmorphine. The compound was sent to F.M. Pierce of Owens College in Manchester for analysis, who reported the following to Wright: Doses … were injected under the skin of young dogs and rabbits … with the following general results … great prostration, fear, and sleepiness quickly following the administration, the eyes being sensitive, and pupils constrict, considerable salivation being produced in dogs, and slight tendency to vomiting in some cases, but no actual emesis. Respiration was originally quickened, but subsequently decreased, and the heart’s action was diminished, and rendered irregular. Marked want of coordinating power over the muscular movements, and loss of power in the pelvis and hind limbs, together with a decrease of temperature in the rectum of about 4°(rectal failure).

Nonetheless, as is frequently the case with scientific discovery, Wright’s invention did not lead to any further developments, and heroin’s fame would only begin to grow after it was independently re-synthesized 23 years later by another chemist, Felix Hoffmann. Hoffmann was working at the Bayer pharmaceutical company in Elberfeld, Germany, where the leader of his laboratory was Heinrich Dreser. Dreser instructed Hoffmann to acetylate morphine, with the goal of producing codeine, a natural derivative of the opium poppy, similar to morphine but less potent and held to be less addictive. But rather than producing codeine, the experiment produced a substance that was actually three times more potent than morphine. Bayer would name the substance “heroin”, most likely from the word heroisch, German for heroic, because in field studies individuals using the medicine felt “heroic”.

From 1898 through to 1910, heroin was marketed as a non-addictive morphine substitute and cough medicine for kids. Bayer marketed heroin as a cure for morphine addiction before it was found that heroin is converted to morphine when metabolized in the liver. The company was embarrassed by this new discovery and it became a historical blunder for Bayer.

As with aspirin, Bayer lost certain of its trademark rights to heroin following the German defeat in World War I.
In the United States, the Harrison Narcotics Tax Act was passed in 1914 to control the sale and distribution of the substance. The law did allow heroin to be prescribed and sold for medical use. Especially, addicts could frequently still be legally supplied with heroin. In 1924, the United States Congress passed additional legislation prohibiting the sale, importation or manufacture of heroin in the country. It is now a Schedule I drug, and is thus illicit.

Heroin street names

The amount of street terms are endless, and include names such as: “Smack”, “H”, “Junk”, “Big H”, “Hell Dust”, “Horse” and “Thunder”. Other terms might refer to types of heroin produced in a specific geographical region, such as “Mexican Black Tar”, and “China White”