Heroin addiction treatment
Drug rehab services will help you to find the best heroin treatment in the state of Alaska. Our certified counselors will guide you and your family trough all the steps to get a drug free life. You will find useful information on heroin addiction in Alaska.
Heroin Treatment in Alaska
Heroin is usually injected, sniffed (snorted), or smoked. Usually, a heroin addict may inject heroin up to 4 times a day. Heroin intravenous injection provides the largest intensity and most rapid onset of euphoria (seven to eight seconds), while heroin intra muscular injection produces a relatively slow onset of euphoria (five to eight minutes). When heroin is snorted or smoked, peak effects are habitually felt within ten to fifteen minutes. Although smoking and snorting heroin don’t produce a “rush” as fast or as intensely as intravenous injection, NIDA researchers have come to the conclusion that all three forms of heroin administration are highly addictive.
Heroin injection is still the predominant method of heroin administration among addicted abusers seeking drug treatment; however, researchers have observed a shift in heroin use patterns, from injection to sniffing and smoking. In fact, sniffing (snorting) heroin is now the most largest reported means of taking heroin among abusers admitted for heroin addiction treatment in the cities of Newark, Chicago, and New York.
In 2003, 75 drug rehabilitation and addiction treatment centers there were reported to be in operation in Alaska. These centers combined to serve 3,265 clients for drug and/or alcohol abuse problems.
The presence of heroin has decreased due to much of the user population illegally buying and using OxyContin. Shipments of Opium continue to be transported through Alaska from the Far East/Pacific Rim countries.
Heroin usage and effects
Heroin is also widely (and generally illicitly) used as a powerful and addictive drug that produces intense euphoria, which frequently disappears with increasing tolerance. It is believed that heroin’s popularity with recreational users, compared to morphine or other opiates, comes from its different perceived effects. This in turn comes from its high lipid solubility provided by the two acetyl groups, resulting in a very quick penetration of the blood-brain barrier after consumption. Heroin can be taken or administered in numerous ways, including snorting and injection. It may also be smoked by inhaling the vapors produced when heated from below (known as “chasing the dragon”).
Several users dissolve the substance together with cocaine in a so-called “speedball” or “snowball”, which is injected intravenously. This causes an even more intense rush but is more hazardous than heroin alone because the mixture of short-acting stimulant with longer-acting depressant raises the risk of overdosing on one or both drugs. Cocaine is an irritant to all bodily tissues causing eventual necrosis at any area with which it is in frequently in contact.
Once in the brain, heroin is quickly metabolized into morphine by removal of the acetyl groups. It is the morphine molecule that then binds with opioid receptors and creates the subjective effects of the heroin high. Heroin is then a prodrug.
The onset of heroin’s effects is dependent on the route of administration. Orally, the heroin is completely metabolized in vivo into morphine before crossing the blood-brain barrier, so the effects are similar to morphine when administered by mouth. Snorting heroin brings a high within 10 to 15 minutes. Smoking heroin results in an almost instantaneous, though mild effect which strengthens the longer it is used in that specific session. Intravenous injection results in rush and euphoria within 7 to 8 seconds, while intramuscular injection takes more time, having an effect within 5 to 8 minutes.