California

Heroin addiction treatment

Drug rehab services will help you to find the best heroin treatment in the state of California. Our certified counselors will guide you and your family trough all the steps to get a drug free life. You will find useful information on heroin addiction in California.

Heroin Treatment in California

Heroin continues to be smuggled into the state, mostly through Southern California POEs. 90% of all the heroin that is available is of Mexican origin, predominantly black tar, but also brown powder Heroin as well. However, high grade South American heroin has also been seized in the district. Mexican DTOs are the primary source of the heroin smuggled across the California-Mexico border. Heroin is also shipped through the region to other destinations in the US.

According to recent data collected by the California Department of Alcohol and Drug Programs, the trend of increasing heroin addictions reported from Imperial County continued to rise in FY2000. However, these same figures reflect a downward trend for heroin consumption in San Diego County.

A recent DEA report from San Diego indicated that Imperial County is experiencing the beginning of a heroin epidemic in the smaller cities of Winterhaven and Bard. Both these cities are located in the southeast area of the county, adjacent to the California-Arizona border and Yuma, Arizona.

In the state of California, there are many different types of drug treatments available to you or a loved one. There are residential, inpatient, and outpatient treatments. Here are two important factors when choosing the appropriate type of drug treatment. The first depends on the severity of heroin addiction you have. The second factor is how long you have the addiction to heroin. For those who have been addicted to heroin for years and years an outpatient program in California may not be as successful as a residential or inpatient treatment. Residential and inpatient treatment are much more structured and able to handle people who have had an addiction problem for an extended period of time. These types of treatments prevent you for using drugs for the time of the treatment.

Heroin manufacturing proccess

Heroin is manufactured for the black market through opium refinement processes. Unlike substances like LSD, the production of which requires considerable expertise in chemistry and access to constituents which are now tightly regulated, the refinement of the first three grades of heroin from opium is a relatively simple process requiring only moderate technical expertise and usual chemicals. The final grade of heroin favored in the west is harder to produce and involves a potentially hazardous chemical procedure.

At first, morphine is isolated from crude opium by being dissolved in water, reacted with lime fertilizer such that the morphine precipitates out, and then reacted again with ammonia. What is remaining is then mechanically filtered to yield a final product of morphine weighing about 90% less than the original amount of opium. The morphine is reacted with acetic anhydride — a chemical also used in the manufacture of aspirin — in the complicated five-step process used by the majority of refineries in the Golden Triangle. The initial step is to cook the morphine at 85°C (185°F) for six hours with an equivalent weight of acetic anhydride. In the second step, a treatment of water and hydrochloric acid then purifies the product moderately. When the chemists add sodium carbonate, the particulates settle. Step four involves heating the substance in a mixture of alcohol and activated charcoal until the alcohol evaporates. The fifth step is optional, as it only modifies the heroin into a finer white powder, more readily injectable; this so-called “no. 4 heroin” is principally exported to the Western markets. In this last, most hazardous step, the heroin (after being dissolved in alcohol), precipitates out in tiny white flakes when a mixture of ether and hydrochloric acid is injected. This step is dangerous because of the fact that the ether may explode, leveling or severely damaging the refinery (as has happened to a number of such facilities).

The purity of the extracted morphine determines in large part the quality of the resulting heroin. The majority of black market heroin is highly impure due to contaminants left after refinement of opium into morphine which then stays in the final product; even if the final product is in the upper range of purity (80–99% pure), once it reaches the consumer, it has typically been cut multiple times.

Heroin is an illicit, highly addictive substance. It is processed from morphine, a naturally occurring substance extracted from the seedpod of some varieties of poppy plants. It is generally sold as a white or brownish powder or as the black sticky substance called “black tar heroin” on the streets. Even though purer heroin is becoming more usual, the majority of street heroin is “cut” with other drugs or with substances such as sugar, starch, powdered milk, or quinine. Street heroin may also be cut with other poisons. While it first received widespread acceptance from the medical profession, doctors remained unaware of its potential for addiction for years. Today, heroin is an illegal drug having no medical utility in the United States. It is in Schedule I of the Controlled Substance Act. (CSA.)