Heroin addiction treatment
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Heroin Treatment in Connecticut
The second most significant drug threat to Connecticut is Heroin. A powerful South American heroin is in circulation and is frequently abused in the state. In 1999, the State of Connecticut ranked first in the nation for the rate of heroin-related treatment admissions per 100,000-population density. Heroin’s increasing popularity, particularly among teenagers and young adults, is due in large part to the increased availability of low cost, high purity heroin that can effectively be snorted or smoked rather than injected.
Treatment data indicates that heroin is a commonly abused substance in Connecticut area, particularly in the Statewide Narcotics Task Force Southwest and South Central Districts and the Hartford area. Heroin-related treatment admissions to publicly funded facilities increased 66 percent from 10,124 in 1994 to 16,822 in 1998, according to TEDS data. It appeared to slightly decrease in 1999 to around 16,380.
How heroin exactly works was not known for a long time. The only thing known was that, like opium and morphine, it depressed the central nervous system: the brain and spinal cord.
Heroin is in the family of the opioid. Opioid.s are very powerful painkiller. The body and also the brain are packed with opioid receptors, meant for endorphins, the body’s own natural pain-killing substances produced in emergency moments of shock or injury.
Heroin mimicks endorphins and binds quickly with endorphin receptors, extending and magnifying their natural painkilling effect but in an artificial way. The result is a surge of pleasurable sensation, or “rush.” This rush is usually accompanied by a warm feeling and a sensation of well-being.
When heroin is first into an individual’s body, the brain’s natural chemistry reacts with the heroin toxins to create what heroin users describe as a feeling of ‘euphoria’. Other effects can also include dizziness, feeling as though the body has become heavy and the individual cannot move, as well as nausea and a change in temperature of the skin. In addition, heroin users will also start to feel tired, or as though nothing or no one no longer exists around them and their ability to function both mentally and physically will diminish. Heroin’s effects damage the CNS and can also cause short and long term harm effects to the respiratory and cardiovascular systems. Because of the toxins in Heroin, as well as the way of administration heroin is a substance that many individual overdose on. While some lucky people come out of the overdose alive and unharmed, others either die or have severe and permanent brain or body damage as a result of the overdose.
History of the heroin trade
Even though it was starting to become more prevalent by the 1930s, Asian historian and drug traffic expert Dr. Alfred W. McCoy reports that heroin trafficking was virtually eliminated in the U.S. during World War II due to temporary trade disruptions caused by the war. McCoy contends the Mafia was capable to gain control of the heroin trade thanks in wide measure to the unintended consequences of a covert deal between top Mafia leader Lucky Luciano and American military intelligence. The deal resulted in a huge raise in Mafia influence in Sicily after the 1943 American invasion.
In Southeast Asia, the governments of most nations and several colonial officials had been involved in the opium trade for a very long time. Thanks to Corsican Mafia connections in the former French colony of Vietnam, Luciano was able to start to develop Southeast Asia as a new source of Opium even as Iranian production decreased. The Vietnam War and CIA operations in Laos had the unintended result of first opening up many regions of Southeast Asia to modern transportation and then presenting a ready-made market for the drug among the U.S. military personnel stationed in the region.
The important turning point came in 1970-71 when the first high-grade heroin laboratories opened in the Golden Triangle. Before this, the chemical skills for refinement had existed only in Europe. This gave the opium producers control over the manufacture of the final product. The hundreds of thousands of American servicemen in Vietnam provided a perfect market for the heroin producers, and heroin use among soldiers quickly rose. In 1971, the first wide consignments of South East Asian heroin were intercepted in Europe and America, and by the mid-1970s heroin addiction fulfilled its promise as an important social problem in the United States, Australia, the United Kingdom, and several other nations.