Heroin addiction treatment
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Heroin Treatment in Florida
There is a large Heroin threat to Florida today. The drug is readily available, frequently abused, and the distribution of heroin is occasionally associated with violent crimes such as assault, drive-by shooting, and homicide. South American heroin is most prevalent; but Mexican black tar heroin and brown powdered heroin also are available in limited quantities.
There has been a substantial rise in heroin abuse in the state of Florida. According to TEDS data, the number of heroin-related treatment admissions in Florida increased from 1,669 in 1997 to 3,723 in 2001, peaking at 4,201 in 2000. However, heroin-related treatment admissions per 100,000 population (32) in the state of Florida dramatically decreased in relation to the number per 100,000 population nationwide (105) in 1999, the most recent year for which this data is available.
Heroin addiction is often cited in drug-related deaths in Florida. According to the 2001 Report of Drugs Identified in Deceased Persons by Florida Medical Examiners, there were 328 heroin-related deaths in the state in 2001. 271 of the 328 were overdoses. Most of the heroin-related deaths occurred in the West Palm Beach, Fort Lauderdale, Orlando, and Miami areas. Heroin-related deaths in Miami-Dade County increased dramatically from 1996 through 2000, according to DAWN mortality data, Heroin was a factor in 29 deaths in Miami-Dade County in 1996 and in 86 deaths in 2000.
One of the most detrimental long-term effects of heroin is the addiction itself. Addiction is a chronic, relapsing problem, characterized by compulsive substance seeking and usage, and by neurochemical and molecular changes in the brain. Heroin also produces a deep degrees of tolerance and physical dependence, which are also powerful motivating factors for constant use and abuse. As with abusers of any addictive substance, heroin abusers gradually spend more and more time and energy obtaining and using heroin. Once they are addicted to it, the heroin abusers’ main purpose in life becomes seeking and using heroin. The drugs literally change their brains and take control of the person.
Long-term effects of heroin
Infection of heart lining and valves
Arthritis and other rheumatologic problems
Infectious diseases, for example, HIV/AIDS and hepatitis B and C.
The risks when heroin is used as non medical purpose
Traffic is heavy worldwide, with the main producer being Afghanistan. According to U.N. sponsored survey, as of 2004, Afghanistan produced 87 percent of the world’s heroin. Opium production in that nation has increased quickly since, reaching an all-time high in 2006. War once again appeared as a facilitator of the trade.
Dr. Alfred W. McCoy has mentioned that the C.I.A. secretly collaborated with Asian drug syndicates and was involved in the expansion of the global heroin trade from 1970 to 1973 in order to prosecute the Cold War. While the Vietnam War brought modern transportation to remote opium areas, McCoy himself does not claim that the CIA set up the drug labs in Southeast Asia or created the trade.
Currently, opium poppies are mainly grown in the Middle East, Pakistan, and Afghanistan, and in Asia, especially in the region known as the Golden Triangle straddling Myanmar, Thailand, Vietnam, Laos and Yunnan province in the People’s Republic of China. There is also cultivation of opium poppies in the Sinaloa area of Mexico and in Colombia. Most of the heroin consumed in the United States originates from Mexico and Colombia. Up until 2004, Pakistan was seen as one of the biggest opium-growing nations. Nonetheless, the attempts of Pakistan’s Anti-Narcotics Force have since reduced the opium growing area by 59% as of 2001. Certain suggest that the decline in Pakistani production is inversely proportional to the increase of Afghani production, and that rather than anti-narcotics activity, the decline in Pakistan is due more to changed market forces.
Conviction for trafficking in heroin carries the death penalty in the majority of Southeast Asia and some East Asia, southern Asia and Middle East nations, among which Malaysia, Singapore and Thailand are the most strict. The penalty applies even to residents of countries where the penalty is not in place, occasionally causing controversy when foreign visitors are arrested for trafficking, for instance the arrest of nine Australians in Bali or the hanging of Australian citizen Van Tuong Nguyen in Singapore, both in 2005.